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New Kavita in Hindi Wallpapers

दशहरा पर कविता – Poem on Dussehra in Hindi Vijaya Dashami Poems Kavitayein :

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दशहरा पर कविता – Poem on Dussehra in Hindi
दशहरा पर कविता - Poem on Dussehra in Hindi Vijaya Dashami Poems Kavitayein

दशहरा पर कविता – Poem on Dussehra in Hindi Dussehra Kavita

  • दशहरा

    कहने लगी ये बूढ़ी नानी,
    आओ बच्चों सुनो कहानी।
    कैसे हुई अच्छाई की जीत
    और बुराई की हार?
    क्यों मनाते हैं भला हम
    दशहरे का त्योहार?
    एक थे राम बड़े सुंदर
    अयोध्या के राजकुमार।
    अपनी पत्नी सीता से
    करते थे बहुत प्यार।
    यों तो थे वो न्यायप्रिय,
    पूरी प्रजा के दुलारे।
    लेकिन पिता का वचन निभाने,
    गए वनवास बेचारे।
    भाई लक्ष्मण और सीता सहित,
    वह वन की ओर चले।
    कठोरताओं का करते सामना,
    जो थे राजमहल में पले।
    एक था राक्षसराज रावण
    बड़ा अन्यायी और अहंकारी।
    पर था वो शक्तिमान बहुत,
    उससे देवो की सेना भी हारी।
    एक दिन उसकी बहन
    शूर्पनखा आई वन में।
    सुंदर राम लक्ष्मण को देख,
    हो गई मोहित मन में।
    राम से किया विवाह का आग्रह,
    रूप सुंदर सा धर के।
    राम ने कहा मैं बंधा हूँ सुंदरी,
    विवाह सीता से कर के।
    क्रोधित हो किया सीता पर आक्रमण,
    ले नाखून काले काले।
    लक्ष्मण ने किया बचाव और उसके ,
    नाक कान काट डाले।
    रोती गयी वह रावण के पास,
    सब हाल अपना सुनाया।
    देख कर यह हाल बहन का,
    रावण गुस्से से तिलमिलाया।
    शूर्पनखा ने रावण को सीता के,
    सौंदर्य का गुणगान सुनाया।
    बदला लेने को रावण उद्यत हो कर,
    छल से सीता को हर लाया।
    राम विलाप कर रहे दुख में
    वन वन सिया को ढूंढने लगे।
    वहीं वन में जा कर उनको,
    हनुमान और सुग्रीव मिले।
    वानरों की सहायता से हनुमान ने,
    सीता का पता लगाया।
    लौटते वक्त लंका भी जला दी
    बहुत उत्पात मचाया।
    रावण का था भाई विभीषण,
    उसने रावण को सत्य पथ दिखलाया।
    क्रोधित हो कर रावण ने उसको ,
    लंका से बाहर का मार्ग दिखलाया।
    साहस और बुद्धि से कार्य असम्भव
    वानरों ने सम्भव कर दिखाया।
    नल और नील थे दो कुशल बुद्धि,
    समुद्र पर पत्थर से पुल बनाया।
    ले वानरों की सेना सम्पूर्ण राम,
    लंका तट पर आए।
    गले से लगाया विभीषण को जो,
    उनकी शरण में आए।
    जब अंगद का सन्धि सन्देश,
    रावण ने अहंकार वश ठुकरा दिया।
    वानरों की पूरी सेना के संग,
    धावा लंका पर राम ने बोल दिया।
    तेरह दिनों तक चला युद्ध
    कई राक्षस और वानर ढेर हुए।
    मेघनाद और कुम्भकर्ण आदि
    सारे राक्षसवीर भी ढेर हुए।
    आया रावण फिर युद्ध में
    ले तंत्र मंत्र और अस्त्र शस्त्र सब भारी।
    युद्ध करने लगे उससे राम
    देवों के दिए रथ की किए सवारी।
    जितनी बार सिर काटते थे राम,
    एक नया सिर उग आता था।
    किसी भी अस्त्र शस्त्र से रावण ,
    मारा ही नहीं जाता था।
    विभीषण ने बताया राम को ,
    कैसे हो रावण की हार।
    नाभि में है अमृत कलश प्रभु,
    वहीं कीजिए आप वार।
    ले कर धनुष बाण फिर राम ने
    की नाभि पर चोट।
    कटे पेड़ के समान रावण,
    गया भूमि पर लोट।
    रावण की हार की ये कहानी,
    हमें है ये सिखाती।
    कितनी भी हो भयंकर बुराई सदा,
    सच्चाई से हार है जाती।
    इसीलिए अब तक रावण का
    हम पुतला हैं जलाते।
    सच्चाई की जीत की खुशी में,
    हम हैं दशहरा मनाते।
    – अंशु प्रिया (Anshu priya)

  • आपको यह कविता (Poem on dussehra in hindi) कैसी लगी हमें जरुर बताएँ.
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भक्ति काल के कवि और उनकी रचना – Bhakti Kaal Ke Kavi Aur Unki Rachna in Hindi :

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vibhajan adhunik hindi kavi surdas ki bhasha shaili hindi bhasha aur sahitya ke lekhak poems of bhakti kaal hindi surdas ka parichay hindi surdas ki kavita hindi me nirgun bhakti ke kavi hindi kahanikar bhaktikal ke kavi kabir das ke dharmik vichar kavi hindi hindi ke kavi ka jeevan parichay adhunik kaal hindi literature surdas ka sahityik parichay hindi kabir ki bhakti bhavana hindi kaal ke bhed writer of hindi bhasha aur sahitya kabir ka sahityik parichay sanskrit sahitya ke kavi adhunik yug ke kavi bhakti kaal ka vibhajan riti kal ke kavi hindi bhakt kavi kabir ki rachna hindi kabir das ki bhasha shaili chayavadi yug hindi nirgun kavi hindi ke kavi aur unki rachna hindi bhasha aur sahitya writer hindi ke adhunik kavi mirabai ki bhakti bhavana hindi bhartendu yug poets dwivedi yug ke kavi hindi mirabai jivan parichay hindi madhya kaal ke kavi kabir das ka sahityik parichay veer gatha kaal bhakti kal ki kavita hindi kabir das ke sahitya parichay hindi veergatha kaal hindi bhasha ke do 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bhakti kaal ke kavi aur unki rachna in hindi – भक्ति काल के कवि और उनकी रचना इन हिंदी
Bhakti Kaal Ke Kavi Aur Unki Rachna Hindi

भक्ति काल के कवि और उनकी रचना – Bhakti Kaal Ke Kavi Aur Unki Rachna in Hindi

  • ______भक्ति काल के प्रसिद्ध कवि______
  • भक्ति काल के कवि मुख्यतः दो धाराओं में विभाजित हैं :–

  • निर्गुण काव्य धारा
  • सगुण काव्य धारा
  • ■निर्गुण काव्य धारा ::—-
  • निर्गुण काव्य धारा के कवि ईश्वर ने निर्गुण अर्थात निराकार रूप की आराधना करते थे। इनमें भी दो धाराएँ थीं
  • संत काव्य धारा
  • सूफी काव्य धारा

  • संत काव्य धारा के प्रमुख कवि ::—

  • कबीरदास –
  • कबीर सन्त परम्परा के प्रमुख और प्रतिनिधि कवि है | इनके जन्म के विषय मे प्रामाणित साक्ष्य उपलब्ध नही है | जनश्रुतियों के अनुसार कबीर का जन्म 1398 ई0 मे और मृत्यु 1518 ई0 मे हुई | कबीर नीरु और नीमा नामक जुलाहा दम्पति को तालाब की किनारे मिले थे। इन्होंने बच्चे का लालन – पालन किया | यही बच्चा बाद मे बडा होकर कबीर के नाम से जाना गया ।कबीर के गुरु रामानन्द थे |
  • कबीर अनपढ थे | उनके शिष्यो ने कबीर की वाणीको सजोकर रखा तथा बाद मे पुस्तक का आकार दिया |
    इनकी रचना ‘बीजक’ नाम से जानी जाती है | कबीर ने जीवन भर धार्मिक तथा सामाजिक अंधविश्वासो का
    तीखा विरोध किया तथा समाजिक बुराइयों का भी विरोध किया |
  • रामानन्द –
  • रामानन्द जी के आविर्भाव काल , निधन काल , जीवन चरित आदि के सम्बंध मे कोई प्रामाणिक सामग्री उपलब्ध नहीं है | ये लगभग 15 वीं शती के उत्तार्द्ध मे हुए थे | इनकी शिक्षा – दीक्षा काशी मे हुआ| ये रामानुजाचार्य परम्परा के शिष्य थे।
  • नामदेव –
  • ये महाराष्ट्र के भक्त के रुप मे प्रसिद्ध है | सतारा जिले के नरसी बैनी गांव मे सन् 1267 ई0 मे इनका जन्म हुआ था | इनके गुरु का नाम सन्त विसोवा खेवर था | नामदेव मराठी और हिंदी दोनो भाषाओ मे भजन गाते थे | उन्होने हिन्दू और मुस्लमान की मिथ्या रूढियों का विरोध किया।

  • सूफी काव्य धारा के प्रमुख कवि :–

  • मलिक मुहम्मद जायसी-
  • इनका जन्म 1492 ई0 के लगभग हुआ था | रायबरेली जिले के जायस नामक स्थान पर जन्म लेने वाले मलिक मुहम्मद जायसी के बचपन का नाम मलिक शेख मुंसफी था | जायस के निवासी होने कारण वे जायसी कहलाते थे।मलिक मुहम्मद जायसी सूफी काव्य धारा (प्रेममार्गी शाखा) के प्रतिनिधि कवि है | इन्होंने पद्मावत, अखरावट, आखिरी कलाम, चित्ररेखा आदि रचनाएं लिखीं।
  • मुल्ला दाउद –
  • सूफी कवि मुल्ला दाउद की रचना ‘चन्दायन’ है | इस ग्रंथ की रचना 1379 ई0 मे हुई थी | यह प्रेमाख्यानक परम्परा का दूसरा काव्य है |
  • कुतुबन –
  • कुतुबन की रचना ‘मृगावती’ है | जिसका रचना काल 1503 ई0 है | ये चिश्ती वंश के शेख बुरहान के शिष्य थे , तथा जौनपुर के बादशाह हुसैनशाह के आश्रित थे | यह ग्रन्थ अवधी भाषा मे लिखा गया है |

  • ■ सगुण काव्य धारा ::—-

  • सगुण काव्य धारा के कवि ईश्वर के सगुण अर्थात साकार रूप की आराधना करते थे। इनमें भी मुख्यतः दो शाखाएँ थीं :-
  • राम भक्ति काव्य धारा
  • कृष्ण भक्ति काव्य धारा
  • राम काव्य धारा के प्रमुख कवि :–
  • तुलसीदास :
  • तुलसीदास को किसी परिचय की आवश्यकता नहीं है। इन्होंने रामकथा को अवधी रूप दे कर घर घर मे प्रसारित कर दिया।इनका जन्म काल विवादित रहा है। इनके कुल 13 ग्रंथ मिलते हैं :-
  • दोहावली 2. कवितावली 3. गीतावली 4.कृष्ण गीतावली 5. विनय पत्रिका 6. राम लला नहछू 7.वैराग्य-संदीपनी 8.बरवै रामायण 9. पार्वती मंगल 10. जानकी मंगल 11.हनुमान बाहुक 12. रामाज्ञा प्रश्न 13. रामचरितमानस।
  • नाभादास :
  • अग्रदास जी के शिष्य, बड़े भक्त और साधुसेवी थे। संवत् 1657 के लगभग वर्तमान थे और गोस्वामी तुलसीदास जी की मृत्यु के बहुत पीछे तक जीवित रहे। इनकी 3 रचनाए उपलब्ध हैं:–
  • रामाष्टयाम 2. भक्तमाल 3. रामचरित संग्रह
  • स्वामी अग्रदास
  • अग्रदास जी कृष्णदास पयहारी के शिष्य थे जो रामानंद की परंपरा के थे। सन् १५५६ के लगभग वर्तमान थे. इनकी बनाई चार पुस्तकों का पता है. प्रमुख कृतियां है– 1. हितोपदेश उपखाणाँ बावनी ध्यानमंजरी 3. रामध्यानमंजरी 4. राम-अष्ट्याम

  • कृष्ण काव्यधारा के प्रमुख कवि

  • सूरदास :
  • ये कृष्णभक्ति शाखा के प्रतिनिधि कवि हैं। सूरदास नेत्रहीन थे।
  • इनका जन्म 1478 में हुआ था तथा मृत्यु 1573 में हुई थी। इनके पद गेय हैं। इनकी रचनाएं 3 पुस्तकों में संकलित हैं।
  • सूर सारावली : इसमें 1103 पद हैं । 2. साहित्य लहरी 3. सूरसागर : इसमें 12 स्कंध हैं और सवा लाख पद थे किंतु अब 45000 पद ही मिलते हैं । इसका आधार श्रीमद भागवत पुराण है ।
  • कुंभनदास :
  • यह अष्टछाप के प्रमुख कवि हैं। जिनका जन्म 1468 में गोवर्धन, मथुरा में हुआ था तथा मृत्यु 1582 में हुई थी।
    इनके फुटकल पद ही मिलते हैं ।
  • नंददास :
  • ये 16वी शती के अंतिम चरण के कवि थे। इनका जन्म 1513 में रामपुर हुआ था तथा मृत्यु 1583 में हुई थी।
    इनकी भाषा ब्रज थी।इनकी 13 रचनाएं प्राप्त हैं।
  • रासपंचाध्यायी 2. सिद्धांत पंचाध्यायी 3. अनेकार्थ मंजरी 4. मानमंजरी 5. रूपमंजरी 6. विरहमंजरी 7. भँवरगीत
    8. गोवर्धनलीला 9. श्यामसगाई 10. रुक्मिणीमंगल 11. सुदामाचरित 12. भाषादशम-स्कंध 13. पदावली
  • रसखान:
  • इनका असली नाम सैय्यद इब्राहिम था। इनका जन्म हरदोई में 1533 से 1558 के बीच हुआ था। इन्होंने अपना सम्पूर्ण जीवन कृष्णभक्ति को समर्पित कर दिया था। इन्हें प्रेम रस की खान कहा जाता है। इनकी प्रमुख रचनाएँ हैं
  • सुजान रसखान 2. प्रेमवाटिका
  • मीरा :
  • मीराबाई स्वयं ही एक लोकनायिका हैं।इनका जन्म1498 में हुआ था तथा मृत्यु 1547 में। इन्होंने मध्य काल में स्त्रियों की पराधीन बेड़ियों को तोड़ कर स्वतंत्र हो कर कृष्णप्रेम का प्रदर्शन करने का साहस किया। इन्होंने सामाजिक और पारिवारिक दस्तूरों का बहादुरी से मुकाबला किया और कृष्ण को अपना पति मानकर उनकी भक्ति में लीन हो गयीं। उनके ससुराल पक्ष ने उनकी कृष्ण भक्ति को राजघराने के अनुकूल नहीं माना और समय-समय पर उनपर अत्याचार किये।मीरा स्वयं को कृष्ण की प्रेयसी मानती हैं, तथा अपने सभी पदों में उसी तरह व्यवहार करती हैं। इनके मृत्यु को ले कर कई किवंदतियां प्रसिद्ध हैं। इनके सभी पद गेय हैं। इनकी रचनाएँ मीराबाई पदावली में संग्रहित हैं।
  • – अंशु प्रिया (anshu priya)

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हिन्दी कविता के नौ रस – 9 Ras in Hindi Poetry kavita poems paribhasha with example :

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9 ras in hindi poetry – हिंदी कविता के रस
हिन्दी कविता के नौ रस - 9 Ras in Hindi Poetry kavita poems paribhasha with example

______________ रस निरूपण – 9 Ras in Hindi Poetry _____________

  • रस का शाब्दिक अर्थ है – निचोड़। वस्तुतः काव्य को पढ़कर या सुनकर, और नाटक को देख कर सहृदय श्रोता , पाठक या के के चित्त में जो लोकोत्तर आनंद उत्पन्न होता है वही रस है। यह आनन्द अर्थात् रस लौकिक न होकर अलौकिक होता है। रस काव्य की आत्मा है। इस रक़्स की निष्पत्ति के लिए भारत मुनि ने जो सूत्र दिया है वह इस प्रकार है :-
    विभानुभाव व्यभिचारिसंयोगात रसनिष्पत्ति
    अर्थात विभाव, अनुभाव और व्यभिचारी भाव के संयोग से रस की निष्पत्ति होती है।
    ____विभाव____
    “विभाव” का अर्थ होता है रसानुभूति के कारण। या यूँ कहिये की किसी के हृदय में उपस्थित स्थायी भाव को जागृत कर उन्हें महसूस कराने का कारण।
    __अनुभाव__
    “अनुभाव” का अर्थ है, वो शारीरिक चेस्टाएँ जो भाव के उत्पन्न होने पर दृश्य होती हैं। जैसे प्रेमी से अत्यधिक समय के बाद पुनर्मिलन पर रति का भाव उतपन्न होता है, परिणामस्वरूप, प्रेमिका की आंखों में आंसू तथा देह में कंपन होता है। इन परिणामों को अनुभाव कहते हैं
    ____व्यभिचारी भाव___
    जो रसों में नाना रूप से विचरण कर के उन्हें और पुष्ट बनाते हैं, उन्हें व्याभिचारी भाव कहते हैं। इनकी संख्या 33 मानी गयी है।
    ◆◆◆◆◆रसों के भेद (ras ke bhed with example in hindi)◆◆◆◆◆◆
    रसों के नौ भेद बताए गए हैं, किन्तु किसी किसी आचार्यों ने इन्हें 11 भी बताया है।

    ◆ श्रृंगार रस shringar ras ki paribhasha :—

    इसका स्थायी भाव “रति” है। नायक – नायिका सामान्यतः आलंबन विभाव होते हैं। कटाक्ष, चुम्बन, आलिंगन आदि इसके अनुभाव हैं। हर्ष, लज्जा उत्सुकता आदि इसके संचारी भाव हैं।
    श्रृंगार रस के दो भेद हैं – संयोग श्रृंगार तथा वियोग श्रृंगार। नायक नायिका के मिलन की स्तिथि में संयोग श्रृंगार होता है और वियोग की स्तिथि में वियोग श्रृंगार। example of shringar ras in hindi जैसे:-
    कहत नटत रीझत खीझत मिलत खिलत लजियात।
    भरे  भौन  में  करत  हैं,  नैनन  ही  सों  बात।। ( संयोग श्रृंगार)
    पिऊ से कह संदेसड़ा, है भौंरा है काग।
    जेहि धन विरहन जरि मुई, तेहिक धुआँ हमें लाग।।( वियोग श्रृंगार)

    ◆वीर रस veer ras ki paribhasha:—

    इसका स्थायी भाव “उत्साह” है। शत्रु सामान्यतः आलंबन होता है। लाल नेत्र, दर्पयुक्त वाणी आदि इसके अनुभाव हैं। धृति, उग्रता आदि संचारी भाव इसे पुष्ट करते हैं। example of veer ras in hindi जैसे:-
    प्रतिभट कटक कटीले केते काटी काटी,
    कलिका की किलकि कलेऊ देती काल को।

  • ◆करुण रस karun ras ki paribhasha:-

    इसका स्थायी भाव “शोक” है। हीनावस्था सामान्यतः आलंबन विभाव होती है। रुदन, भूमि पतन आदि अनुभव हैं। चिंता, जड़ता आदि संचारी भाव हैं। karun ras example in hindi जैसे:-
    करुणे, क्यों रोती है? उत्तर में और अधिक तू रोई।
    मेरी विभूति है जो, उसको भवभूति क्यों कहे कोई?       (मैथिलीशरण गुप्त)

    ◆अद्भुत रस adbhut ras ki paribhasha:–

    इसका स्थायी भाव “विस्मय” है। सामान्यतः अलौकिक कार्य या वस्तु विभाव है। स्तंभ, रोमांच आदि अनुभाव हैं। हर्ष आदि संचारी भाव हैं। adbhut ras example in hindi जैसे:–
    आगे नदिया पड़ी अपार, घोड़ा किसे उतरे पार।
    राणा ने सोचा इस पार, तब तक चेतक था उस पार।।

  • ◆रौद्र रस roudra ras ki paribhasha:–

    इसका स्थायी भाव “क्रोध” है। शत्रु सामान्यतः विभाव है। गर्जन, कंपन आदि अनुभाव हैं। मद, उग्रता आदि इसके पोषक संचारी भाव हैं। example of roudra ras in hindi जैसे :–
    श्रीकृष्ण के सुन वचन अर्जुन क्षोभ से जलने लगे।
    सब शील अपना भूल कर करतल युगल मलने लगे॥
    संसार देखे अब हमारे शत्रु रण में मृत पड़े।
    करते हुए यह घोषणा वे हो गए उठ कर खड़े॥

    ◆वीभत्स रस vibhatsa ras ki paribhasha:–

    इसका स्थायी भाव “घृणा” है। मांस रुधिर चर्बी इत्यादि सामान्यतयः विभाव हैं। मुंह बचकाना, नाक सिकोड़ना आदि अनुभाव हैं। विषाद, निर्वेद आदि संचारी भाव हैं। example of vibhatsa ras in hindi जैसे:—
    ‘विष्टा पूय रुधिर कच हाडा।
    बरषइ कबहुं उपल बहु छाडा।।’

  • ◆भयानक रस bhyanak ras ki paribhasha:–

    इसका स्थायी भाव “भय” है। भयानक वस्तु अथवा पुरुष साधारणतः विभाव हैं। चीखना चिल्लाना अनुभाव हैं।
    शंका चिंता आदि संचारी भाव हैं। example of bhyanak ras in hindi  जैसे:—
    अखिल यौवन के रंग उभार, हड्डियों के हिलाते कंकाल
    कचो के चिकने काले, व्याल, केंचुली, काँस, सिबार

    ◆शांत रस shant ras ki paribhasha:—-

    इसका स्थायी भाव “निर्वेद” है। संसार बोध, परमात्म चिंतन आदि विभाव हैं। रोमांच, संसार भीरुता आदि अनुभव हैं। हर्ष, धृति मति आदि संचारी भाव हैं। example of shant ras in hindi  जैसे :—
    जब मै था तब हरि नहिं अब हरि है मै नाहिं।
    प्रेम गली अति साँकरी, त म ओ न समाहीं ।।

  • ◆वात्सल्य रस vatsalya ras ki paribhasha:–

    इसका स्थायी भाव “वात्सल्य प्रेम” है। बालक विभाव है। अंगस्पर्श चुम्बन आदि अनुभाव हैं। हर्ष गर्व चिंता आदि संचारी भाव हैं। example of vatsalya ras in hindi जैसे:—
    सन्देसो देवकी सों कहियो।
    हौं तो धाय तिहारे सुत कि कृपा करत ही रहियो।
    तू तौ टेव जानि तिहि है हौ तऊ, मोहि कहि आवै।
    प्रात उठत मेरे लाल लडैतहि माखन रोटी भावै।।

    ◆भक्ति रस bhakti ras ki paribhasha:–

    इसका स्थायी भाव है ” भगवान विषयक रति”। विभाव भगवान हैं। अश्रु रोमांच आदि अनुभाव हैं। हर्ष मति आदि संचारी भाव हैं। example of bhakti ras in hindi जैसे :–
    अँसुवन जल सिंची-सिंची प्रेम-बेलि बोई।
    मीरा की लगन लागी, होनी हो सो होई।।
    – अंशु प्रिया ( Anshu priya)

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